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Modeling: body

To pick up where we left off, take the head on the stick, cut off excess clay from the neck, and place it on the body (there should be a cocktail-stick for the neck). Take some clay, cover the neck and upper body, and smooth it out.

Take a triangle of clay (5x6 mm), put it in the corner between the neck and the shoulder. Smooth it out and make it into the left great neck muscle. Do the same on the right side of your model.

Now take a thin roll of clay (about 10 mm long) and model it along the left side of the neck. This makes the thick neck muscle which begins just below the ear and runs down to your chest bone (I should really look up the names of all those muscles, that way I don't have to describe them in detail). Do the same on the other side of the neck.

Take another thin roll of clay, put the begin at the left side of the breast bone, and stretch and model it to the left, letting it disappear just before the shoulder. This makes the collar bone. Do the same on the right side.

Turn your model round. On the back of the neck, the most important muscle is the great triangular cowl muscle. Model this with a slightly raised strip in the middle. This should make the visible part of the spinal column. You can even model the little bumps of the vertebrae*, but if your figure is going to wear a cloak, don't bother with it.

This can be quite interesting to model. For example, if you're making a troll, Gollem (from Lord of the Rings), or some other skinny monster, focus on the parts where the bones show through the flesh. You'll be amazed at the effectiveness of modeling those details.

Modeling the shoulders and chest

Once you have the neck muscles and the collar bones, the shoulders are easy to do. Just take a oval piece of clay, put it at end of the big shoulder muscle and smooth it out a bit.
Do the same on the other side of your figure and you're done.

The chest is also pretty easy once you've done the collar bones. Take a square piece of clay, about 12x10 mm and 3 mm thick, put is just below the collar bone on the left and smooth it out. As usual, do the same for the right side.